So Say The Anthem..

Almost no one seems to be aware that even if the U.S. were a perfect country today, it would be bizarre to expect American players to stand for “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Why? Because it literally celebrates the murder of African-Americans.

Few people know this because we only ever sing the first verse. But read the end of the third verse and you’ll see why “The Star-Spangled Banner” is not just a musical atrocity, it’s an intellectual and moral one, too:

No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

“The Star-Spangled Banner,” Americans hazily remember, was written by Francis Scott Key about the Battle of Fort McHenry in Baltimore during the War of 1812. But we don’t ever talk about how the War of 1812 was a war of aggression that began with an attempt by the U.S. to grab Canada from the British Empire.

However, we’d wildly overestimated the strength of the U.S. military. By the time of the Battle of Fort McHenry in 1814, the British had counterattacked and overrun Washington, D.C., setting fire to the White House.

And one of the key tactics behind the British military’s success was its active recruitment of American slaves. As a detailed 2014 article in Harper’sexplains, the orders given to the Royal Navy’s Admiral Sir George Cockburn read:

Let the landings you make be more for the protection of the desertion of the Black Population than with a view to any other advantage. … The great point to be attained is the cordial Support of the Black population. With them properly armed & backed with 20,000 British Troops, Mr. Madison will be hurled from his throne.

Whole families found their way to the ships of the British, who accepted everyone and pledged no one would be given back to their “owners.” Adult men were trained to create a regiment called the Colonial Marines, who participated in many of the most important battles, including the August 1814 raid on Washington.

Then on the night of September 13, 1814, the British bombarded Fort McHenry. Key, seeing the fort’s flag the next morning, was inspired to write the lyrics for “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

So when Key penned “No refuge could save the hireling and slave / From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,” he was taking great satisfaction in the death of slaves who’d freed themselves. His perspective may have been affected by the fact he owned several slaves himself.

With that in mind, think again about the next two lines: “And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave / O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.”

The reality is that there were human beings fighting for freedom with incredible bravery during the War of 1812. However, “The Star-Spangled Banner” glorifies America’s “triumph” over them — and then turns that reality completely upside down, transforming their killers into the courageous freedom fighters.

After the U.S. and the British signed a peace treaty at the end of 1814, the U.S. government demanded the return of American “property,” which by that point numbered about 6,000 people. The British refused. Most of the 6,000 eventually settled in Canada, with some going to Trinidad, where their descendants are still known as “Merikins.”

Furthermore, if those leading the backlash against Kaepernick need more inspiration, they can get it from Francis Scott Key’s later life.

By 1833, Key was a district attorney for Washington, D.C. As described in a book called Snowstorm in August by former Washington Post reporter Jefferson Morley, the police were notorious thieves, frequently stealing free blacks’ possessions with impunity. One night, one of the constables tried to attack a woman who escaped and ran away — until she fell off a bridge across the Potomac and drowned.

“There is neither mercy nor justice for colored people in this district,” an abolitionist paper wrote. “No fuss or stir was made about it. She was got out of the river, and was buried, and there the matter ended.”

Key was furious and indicted the newspaper for intending “to injure, oppress, aggrieve & vilify the good name, fame, credit & reputation of the Magistrates & constables of Washington County.”

You can decide for yourself whether there’s some connection between what happened 200 years ago and what Colin Kaepernick is angry about today. Maybe it’s all ancient, meaningless history. Or maybe it’s not, and Kaepernick is right, and we really need a new national anthem.

Credit to;

Jon Schwarz

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Democrats say they have deal with Trump on DACA Recipients

Credit to ERICA WERNER and JILL COLVIN – Associated Press – Wednesday, September 13, 2017

WASHINGTON — The top House and Senate Democrats said Wednesday they had reached agreement with President Donald Trump to protect thousands of younger immigrants from deportation and fund some border security enhancements — not including Trump’s long-sought border wall.

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The deal announced by Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer and House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi following a White House dinner would enshrine protections for the nearly 800,000 immigrants brought illegally to this country as kids who had benefited from former President Barack Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program. The program provided temporary work permits and protection from deportation. Read More @ https://a.msn.com/r/2/AArTMkU?m=en-us

Columbus Day should be a Remembrance of Exploitation and Genocide 

Education is not just a mere public instruction but a process to which a nation can build its self-consciousness and through that consciousness a nation can communicate its cultural heritage from one generation to the other. Consequently, the Columbus Day holiday has been celebrated in the United States since 1937 and intensified in 1971 as part of that cultural heritage. To glorify the history of Columbus, most unfortunately, in a year two thousand two President Bush issued a presidential proclamation for a man who never set foot in North America, directing the flag of the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed day in honor of Columbus. (Proclamation 6484—Columbus Day,October 1, 1992) This proclamation speaks of a bold expedition and Columbus pioneering achievements henceforward fails to recognize Columbus human annihilation, genocide and slaves that were sent to Spain to be sold, per Columbus; in the name of Holy Trinity. Columbus reported that, “the Indians are so naive and so free with their possessions that no one who has not witnessed them would not believe it. When you ask for something they have, they never say no”. It is fair to say that’ despite hospitality shown by the Arawak’s, Columbus wicked intentions took over. He seized the Arawak by force aboard the ship as prisoners insisting that they guide him to the source of the gold. In his journal to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Columbus writes “They would make fine servants…with fifty men we should subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want” (Zinn). Columbus further wrote that “Through slavery they should be made to abandon their bad habits and reward them with life time of work. At this juncture Columbus used slavery to deal with “barbarians” who refused to accept Christianity.” (Conqueror).

This period of Columbus is mark by gold as it was becoming the new mark of wealth and Spain like any other nations sought this commodity which they considered to be more useful than land as it could buy anything. Columbus from negotiated 10% profit contract with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella promise to bring back gold and species. As a reward Columbus was promised governorship over new-found lands, and the fame that would go with a new title: Admiral of the Ocean Sea., Columbus’ voyage from inception was motivated by creed. His creed can be demonstrated by his very first encounter with the Arawak’s as he wrote in his journal “As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives by force in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts” (Bounce). All it took for Columbus was to see jewelry wore by the Arawak’ and nose plugs made from gold. Columbus expected to have spices and plenty of gold. The methods to explore called for domination and justification of such control. To warrant sufficient justification dominion of the Indies and land en route, he used Christianity and Civility as he was induced by a concept of “barbarian,” that Christianity and the rule of civilized government was a gift worth giving to ill-clothed, ill-housed and ungoverned barbarians of the world. Part of that civility was slavery orchestrated by an impression of barbarians as people with manners and customs of which “civil persons” like Columbus disapprove.

Missing in our American Columbus story line and a year two thousand two Bush proclamations, is a story of Columbus genocide perpetrated by degree that’ every 14 years old Arawak’s were to finish every three month a hawk bell full of gold dust or in an alternative a 25 pound of woven of span cotton. Furthermore, missing is brutality commanded by Columbus, horrific branding of copper coins around Arawak’s necks as a symbol that they meet quotas. Indian found without tokens had their hands cut off and bleed to death. When the Spaniards find Arawak’s who attempted to flee, they hanged them or burned them to death. History bear witness that; Arawak’s population of 250,000 in 1492 was reduced to in or around 200 in 1514. The Arawak’s died been hunted by dogs, disease, cruelty, burned, overworked, taking pains to avoid having children and forced into committing mass suicides with cassava poison. This genocide occurred all in the name of cherished assumption of Columbus version of Christianity and civility.

As American history X authors attempt to bury the cruel policies initiated by Columbus and pursued by his successors., they reference this Genocide as skirmish with the natives, moreover horrific acts such as Spaniards been carried by Indians on hammocks and run in relays were position as nuance view and that Indians died due to diseases . (Cohen) To add an insult, this version of history according to Michael Kammen article “Mystic Chords of Memory”, Columbus voyages to the “New World” fronted a new phase of Human Civilization, and a symbol of first order in America. Seeing Columbus as a hero that overcome opposition and adversity to change history, this contrary tale to human annihilation, genocide and slavery will become a romance idealized image of discoverer, bold man to which America will mold him to their purpose as embodiment spirit, a driving force to explore and discover just like in a case of Captain John Mason during raid in Pequots Village in 1636 as he believed that using massacre can destroy Indians will to fight with less risk.

Here we are five hundred and twenty five years later celebrating a cruel atrocious liar who never found China or Asia, Columbus the hero, a man who not only brought disease to the Native Americana’s but drove them to self-destruct as they destroy their own crops, forced to killed their children and committed suicides to avoid horrific act of Genocide perpetrated by Columbus against Native Americana’s. What unite us to celebrate a man who never even landed in the United States but launched one of greatest waves of genocide known to man? Is it Christian superiority over naked barbarians? Or perhaps punitive expedition that virtually exterminated the Arawak’s and paved the way for Atlantic slave trade sum-up what unite us to celebrate Columbus? American History began with Columbus models of human servitude and to understand a larger picture of American history, emphasis should be placed that Columbus along killed four million people in four years and recently in 1980’s under President Reagan and Bush Sir, US government gave direct aid to genocidal campaigns that killed tens of thousands Mayan Indian people in Guatemala (Soldiers of Fortune Mercenary Wars Guatemala). As here the pattern holds and as logic escapes me, a question is; is this a type of heritage mark by omissions apt to be pass down as a celebration? The answer is no and as here, the rest of the country should follow Berkeley, Santa Cruz, Seattle and Minneapolis and Los Angeles as a precedents to replace Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day. All in all, to amend this horrific past San Diego should follow a suite and extent its olive branch to our local natives such as Luiseno, Cahuilla, Cupeno, Kumeyaay, and Northern Diegueño. Columbus Voyages and Holiday Day should be nothing of celebration but remembrance of human servitude and Genocide against indigenous people, if anything less, may our God to whom we trust be indebted with a special apology to the Nazis, Ancient people of Babylon, Egypt, Sodom and Gomorrah.

Credit to San Diego City College History Dept.

Works Cited

Bounce, EG. The Northern, Columbus and Cabot. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1906.

Cohen, Paul A. “The Mythology Past.” History in Three Keys: The Boxers as Event, Experience, and Myth. Columbia University Press, 1997. 215.

“Conqueror.” Morgan, Edmund S. American Heroes: Profiles of Men and Women Who Shaped Early America. W. W. Norton & Company, , 2010. 304.

Soldiers of Fortune Mercenary Wars Guatemala. http://www.mercenary-wars-.net/Guatemala. n.d. 07 07 2017.

Zinn, Howard. A People’s History of The United States. Harper & Row, 2003.

Charlottesville – American History X 109: Racism Constructed on Supremacy, Control and White Privilege

There’s a cultural backdrop where Black Americans from the beginning of times lived under suspicion. The sentiment of this backdrop is racism that we observed from Our founding fathers, our legislation’s and judicial system. A narrative in a film American History X, directed by Tony Kaye illustrates the brutal realities of a mindset in American culture associated with a belief that one race of people is humanly superior to another race of people. It also replicates a nation that is founded on slavery and white privilege. Among these illustrations, it is our nation legislation’s that are predominantly race motivated by a culture that created laws like separate but equal, stand your ground and coupled in an industry that is obsessed and nearly erotic intensity with guns as the manifestation of manhood. African Americans were born with their backs against the wall where they can’t even dress with the same kind of freedom that their white peers do. Throughout American history requesting equal protection by African Americans and other minorities has been a journey of camels going through the hole of a needle.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/video/c/embed/7c67cb72-7fb1-11e7-b2b1-aeba62854dfa

 

Our Founding Fathers & Racism

Our founding fathers, Thomas Jefferson with his leadership of a slave-holding society and the reality of his ownership of fifty slave plus his wife’s inheritance of one hundred and thirty-five slaves could never reconcile the ideals of freedom, expressed in the Declaration of Independence, as he writes “The former race had not the moral fiber, intelligence, and industry necessary for citizenship in the society of the latter…On the other hand, if the races should not destroy one another in civil war, the black must eventually interbreed with the white, destroying the intelligence and beauty of the superior race”. (McColley).  Equally guilty flip flop hypocrite, was Abraham Lincoln: On Race “I will say, then, that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and
political equality of the white and black races (applause); that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race.” 1858 Senate Campaign Speech (September) Quoted from Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States. New York: Harper Collins, 2003: p. 186  Credit to: San Diego City College Professor Robert Schultz.                                                                                   Jefferson and Lincoln statement reflect distinctions that they draws between whites and African Americans. In an Article by Heather Andrea Williams Compartmentalizing Slavery:  “How white Americans constructed a fictitious distinction between white and black emotions” the author writes’ It is fair to say that most white people had been so acculturated to view black people as different from them that they did not perceive the existence of slavery in America as a problem, and when exposed to slaves, they barely noticed the pain that they experienced.

  This distinction will later have physiological influence on whites to view black and other minorities people as different from them that they will not perceive the negative impact of slavery or racism in America as a problem. In contract to the American History X,  its Charllottesville Fire and Fury. Same mentality that we seen in a film scene were Derek his interview by a reporter after a murder of his father, when asked “how he fell …in his response he allude to blacks and other immigrants as parasites and attaches AIDS, welfare and immigration as problems fit to this communities. Derek goes further as he elaborates that his father was murdered putting a fire in f***g N***r neighborhood he should give a shit about and moreover a fucking drug dealer who probably collects a welfare check. Also in a different scene when Seth ask Danny; Who do you hate? his answer was “I hate everyone that isn’t white because their burden to the advancement of the white race”. This depiction of N***r neighborhood and blacks as criminal savages equates to the same racial distinction stigma held by  Jefferson and Lincoln. It is not a conceited to see this stigma of racism in our nation, consequently as Trump  fail to condemn terrorist act by James Alex Fields Jr., 20, of Ohio after his car plowed into crowds, claiming a life of 32 yrs old Heather Heyer and leaving 19 others injured. Prominent white supremacist David Duke was quoted that marching in Donald Trump’s name at the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, VA. “ represents a turning point for the people of this country,”. We are going to fulfill the promises of Donald Trump,” the former Grand Wizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan said at the rally. Washington Post   

Our Legislation’s

From inception our laws were writing to support white nationalism as they focused on power and privilege, moreover these laws were protected by the constitution. Our  nation  had opportunity at different periodic time line in our history to correct the stigma of slavery and racism.  The Trial of Celia the slave girl bears witness to this core parables of legal racial stigmas that gravitated for centuries. In Celia case Missouri Slave Code” of 1804 will be made no distinction between slaves and other personal property. A court had an opportunity to protect Celia as a woman under Missouri statute of 1845, article 2, section 29 which declared it a crime “to take any woman unlawfully against her will and by force, menace or duress, compel her to be defiled” (Williamson 85). With the States battle over morality of slave ownership many understood that the court’s decision in this case held significant implications for the economic and social foundations of slavery. (McLaurin 67).

With a favorable decision for Celia that might hold a precedent, our nation had a chance to express and incorporate blacks equally into legal definitions. However, with ideal culture of supremacy to protect the privileged and maintain the status Que, the courts defined state’s argument by legal proclamations that separate rape of a slave as a trespass on the property by its owner. A culture that was displayed in Charllotteville, is a culture  that can be define by set of attitudes, values, goals, and practices rooted in  America laws. Driving by thoughts of ethnocentric, Southern states felt that the federal government had no right to interfere with their states ‘rights (slavery), (Worthington) and through Compromise Act of 1854 and 1877 a new generation brand of based politics culture- founded on racism was born in 1861 and culminated in the formation of the Southern Confederacy to which our President Trump cannot speak against.

Our Laws

After the civil war, to ridicule the African American Jim Crow laws were initiated and created more disparities of language in our Justice System. These laws help to maintain and create a racial class system in the American society. One group of people asserting power over another for the pride and vanity of a system of politics. In 1896 Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson legalized racism under the guise of a doctrine referred to as “separate but equal”. The Judge in this case argued that “the object of the [Fourteenth] Amendment was undoubtedly to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law, but in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political, equality, or a commingling of the two races upon terms unsatisfactory to either.” —Justice Henry Billings Brown. (Plessy v. Ferguson). Consequently, our judicial system like our founder fathers and laws that followed failed to rectify stigma of racism. Under “separate but equal” doctrine racial segregation was constitutional. In a film American History X, we see this indoctrination when Danny doing a report on civil rights arguing for Hitler as a civil rights leader. Moreover, Derek after heinous aggravated murder of two African Americans, his only sentenced to 3 years, accordingly an African American woman in a film thinks that Derek deserved the death penalty for what he did.

In 2017, in a case of John Rik Howard who admitted to kicking coat hanger into a rectum of 18 years old black disabled teammate with see the same believe that Danny held in a film, filth, destruction, chaos, death and greed. In Howard after the victim testimony despite evidence that white players and coaches called the victim “fried chicken, grape soda and Kool-Aid and taught him a KKK-glorifying song that called for the lynching of black people, the Presiding Judge agreed with Dietrich Attorney General and discounted testimony of racist remarks during assault. Times-News reports that during sentencing Judge Stoker said that “nobody” thinks those are racial slurs, even though the terms have a long history of being used as racist insults (Riggins).

In contracts to the film American X, Derek explain how police are granted certain amount of authority by society and white people, wherefore the cops used a textbook-solid tactics in a betting of Rodney King. Derek further allude that white people pull over because the trust the law. This couldn’t ring truer as we compare Idaho crime which shared similar characteristics with Chicago Four. Each crime involves a brutal assault against a special needs teenager, each involve the issue of race. Rick Howard was sentence to three years of probation and three-hundred hours of community service on a charge of felony injury to a child. The judge also granted a deferral judgment, meaning the conviction could eventually be dismissed upon completing probation successfully. Yet, the Chicago four charges are starkly different from Howard as they been charged with aggravated kidnapping, aggravated battery with a deadly weapon and criminal hate crimes which according to federal sentencing guidelines generally call for a sentence to be increased by about 40% when a crime is considered a hate.

All in all, as here African Americans are still faced with skeptic in suspicion and public policies and laws that that are unnecessary unduly and disproportionately stigmatizing blacks. This stigma was also felt by Obama when he was profile, asked in a vicious fashion about his transcript and for his birth certificate as if his not American. As much as the movie attempt to present how racism and hatred in all its form are distractive and leads to no resolution, we see Derek as a develop character hence blacks remain represented as mindless thugs and antagonist to Derick family. Such portrayal of black maleness that expresses a menace in America culture need to be decoupled in the collective imagination of America. Like Derek says it’s always good to end a paper with a quote. So, like Danny, I borrow from a flip flopper Abraham Lincoln that; “Through passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection”. Once we recognize that African Americans are the recipients of the outrageous indignity by being assume not to be intelligent and human, the stigma of racism can be solved. A dialogue that suggests both sides on equal footing can be enacted, one that point s toward a realized humanity for both the white and blacks (Freire). We other missed opportunity for our President to correct the History of America that has stain in our nation, Schools are the institutional mediums that should be used in an alternative to articulate expressions and educate ourselves as we hold each other accountable. As people learn in multiple ways, creation of alternative structures to admit multiple form of learning will be a start in a right direction.

Our thoughts and prayers goes to families that had been affected by this violence in Charllottesville.

Works Cited

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Herder and Herder,, 1970.

McColley, Robert. “Gentlemen’s Opinion on Race and Freedom.” Slavery and Jeffersonnian Virginia. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1964.

McLaurin, Melto. Celia A Slave. Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

Plessy v. Ferguson. No. 163 US 537. Supreme Court. 18 May 1896.

Riggins, Alex. “Jurge says Dietrich crime not racially motivated.” Magic Valley (Feb 24, 2017).

Williamson, Jurge Hugh P. Negro Digest (1964): 84.

Worthington, Daryl. “NewHistorian.” 2016 Feb 2016. newhistorian.com/the-meeting-that-made-confederate-states-of-america/5901/. 07 August 2017.

 

Lesson’s from The Bush Era Reflects on What has to Come of Trump Administration Lies

Our inner voice of reason has been extinguished and intuitively remote controlled. In both dystopian and utopian societies once ideas are imprinted in our brains and opinions formed, we become like horses with blinkers. Before the invasion of Iraq without substantiated evidence Collin Powell presented a case that Iraq had weapon of mass distractions. As here, fabrication of propaganda was used by those who exert power by distorting the historical development leading to the war and alter records to stomp out any contrary view from the one formulated by the Bush Administration coupled with ensuring absolute control over public opinion. With the aftermath of September 11 our nation was still in grief and vulnerable. In this setting, the public is emasculated and the administration preyed on our emotion and stopped at nothing to justify the means. Without factual knowledge, we bought into distorted public opinion that Iraq has weapon of mass destruction and waged our patriotic support for the invasion. Subsequently even after Powell reffed to his United Nation presentation about Iraqi’s weapon of mass destruction “as a lowest point in his life”, we still ignore the correction but rather maintain a sentiment by putting lipstick on a pig that Iraq was developing nuclear weapons, and yet today most Bush supporters still claim that WMD were hiding or moved before the invasion.    

In a movie 1984, we observed people of Oceania seeing posters and television screens of “Big Brother” face announcing that they were at war with Eurasia and winning instead of Eastasia, as much as this information was misleading, people of Oceania they believed that to be true.  In comparisons, the Bush Administration at the time leading to war in Iraq they used mass media as effective tool to control people thoughts ensuring absolute control over public opinion. The belief was refined in a media by repeatedly uttering “Iraq,” “9/11” and “war on terror” in the same breath. (Paul R.Pillar). This propaganda was so successful that the public took on a rule of passive individuals and not able to think critically, merely following a believe that Saddam Hussein not only has alliance with al-Qaeda but also had been directly involved in the 9/11 attack.  According to Paul R. Pillar article The Iraq War and the Power of Propaganda the Bush campaign was “testimony to what a determined use of the opinion-molding capabilities of the government of the day, including the bully pulpit of the presidency”. (Paul R.Pillar)”  Wilson job in a movie 1984 was to manipulate documents and photographs to ensure that history shows Oceania “Big Brother” government in a positive light. As much as Wilson knew this information was misleading, he still bought into mindset that people of Oceania we well off and cared for by the government. In comparisons to Wilson is Condellesa Rice when she had foreknowledge a year before invasion of Iraq that anonymous government nuclear expert had seriously doubted that the tubes on satellite photographs were for nuclear weapons (Benen). To make a case for war in Iraq, Condellesa Rice went on to promote version of the story by choosing interpretation favorable to the Bush administrations. With Rice trademark line: “We don’t want the smoking gun to be a mushroom cloud” without substantiated evidence the American public and United Nation took her statements as true. At this juncture, we were convinced and hooked by perceived truth.

 

Furthermore, with aftershock of September 11, the Bush Administration preyed on our emotion and stopped at nothing to justify the means going to war. In an article that we discussed in class Trump’s Lies vs. Your Brain the author writes “Lies are exhausting to fight, pernicious in their effects and perhaps worst of all, almost impossible to correct… .and that when we are overwhelmed with false information our brains are particularly ill-equipped to deal with lies particularly when they come not singly but in a constant stream.” (Konnikova). As WMD’s lies hit our brains in a constant stream, we bought into the Bush Administration authoritative claims and seen invasion of Iraq as a necessary response to avert emergence of terrorist threat in the Middle East. In an article; Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds the author writes about confirmation bias and emphasize that people have tendency to embrace information that supports their beliefs and reject information that contradicts them. (Kolbert). For instance, after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, the belief that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction before the invasion was closely associated with support for President Bush (Kull). As here we tend to avoid assault on our identity and evaluate misperceptions of WMD’s by reinforcing such information with a directional bias. Yet, after Colin Powell correction, Republicans as they align themselves with the Bush Administration didn’t change their minds to conform with the truth. Accordingly, they ignored the correction but rather maintain a sentiment by putting lipstick on a pig that Iraq might had move its nuclear weapons. Thielmann, who headed the office of Strategic, Proliferation, and Military Affairs in the INR until September 2002 when ask about accuracy of the information his own intelligence bureau had developed and Powell awareness of  truth omission, he replied : I can only assume that he was doing it to loyally support the president of the United States and build the strongest possible case for arguing that there was no alternative to the use of military force. (Schwarz, Jonathan).

 

After all, armed with preserved truth of alleged alliance between Saddam Hussain and Al Qaeda, our nation further agreed with the Bush Administration that there is the need to step-up efforts to enhance the country’s intelligence-gathering capabilities subsequently modeling 1984 Oceania where citizens are never sure whether they are being watched. To Emphasis, in 2013 a $52.6 billion budget— was brought to light last year when the Washington Post obtained a “black budget” report from Snowden, detailing the bureaucratic and operational landscape of the 16 spy agencies and that the National Security Agency alone has annually scooped up as many as 56,000 emails and other communications by Americans with no connection to terrorism. (Godon). In contrast to 1994 movie, not only that we see “Big Brother” government oversight and web surveillance but also a formation of dystopia characteristics where we are surrounded by the Thought Police. With patriotism imprint to our brain, our understanding of the effect of information on issue opinions going to war were stained. Afterwards, the Bush Administration could effectively control the public opinion through uncertainty widespread symbols of Big Brother watchful face. Our inner voice of reason was extinguished and intuitively remote controlled. Henceforth We didn’t have to be physically in Abu Ghraib prison Baghdad or undergo Room 101 O’Brien “Big Brother” series of torturous interrogations against Winston, instead our grief of September 11 became potent weapon for the Bush Administration to oppressed our minds. Our backbones were broken as we orderly behaved obediently, in a process we let go our privacy and unquestionably echo with senses of patriotism henceforth afraid to hold contrary views. With lies developing into preserved truth and ideological preferences that aligned with the Bush Administration we became victims of circles of certainties within which reality is imprisoned. Consequently, once ideas are imprinted in our brains and opinions formed, like Wilson I had to agree we added 2+2 to equal 5, we swallowed our opinions and gave up political process of check and balances that could had demanded substantiated evidence and questioned lies used to push for war.

References

Benen, Steve. “The ’smoking gun’ wasn’t a mushroom cloud; it was a New York Times article.” The Carpet Bagger Report (October, 04 2014).

 

Godon, Philip H. “September 11 and American Foreign Policy.” Bookings Education Articles (2001, November 1).

 

Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds.” The New Yorker (2017, February 27).

 

Konnikova, Maria. “Trump’s Lies vs. Your Brain.” (2007 February).

 

Kull, Steven, Clay Ramsay, and Evan Lewis. “Misperceptions, the Media, and the Iraq War.” Political Science Quarterly 2003: 569-598.

 

Paul R.Pillar. “The Irag War and the the Power of Propaganda.” The National Intrest (September 14, 2011).

 

Schwarz, Jonathan. Huffing Post. com. 05 02 2013. 28 07 2017.

 

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Punitive Nature of Deportation and Lack of Proportionality Necessitates the Need for Constitutional Safeguards

justice for olango

The procedural rights available to non-citizens in deportation proceedings should be determined through a combination of “the hard floor constitutional rights model, used in criminal proceedings. BMW vs. Gore as well as Padilla vs. Kentucky 559 U.S. 356 (2010) this case mark a sharp departure from the Court’s century long characterization of immigration consequences as “purely civil” both cases opened the door for the extension of a constitutional protection traditionally reserved for criminal realm into civil proceedings. In BMW vs Gore 517 U.S.559 (1996) United States Supreme Court limited punitive damage under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment. The Court found that the excessive punitive damages must be reasonably necessary to vindicate the State’s legitimate interest in punishment and deterrence. In making this determination the Court applied the degree of reprehensibility of the accused conduct and the penalties that could be imposed for comparable misconduct. Punishment, regardless of whether it is civil or criminal, is subject to various constitutional restraints.

In contrast to characterization of immigration deportations, the Court in Padilla alluded that deportation is the penalty for a crime, then as such the criminal law norm of proportionality and penalties, rooted in the 8th and 14th Amendment, should equally apply.

https://share.constitutioncenter.org/amendment-viii
The fact that the results from a criminal conviction are an integral part that may be imposed on immigrant’s defendants who plead guilty to specified crimes, it should be argued that if deportation is part of a criminal penalty, other protections afforded criminal defendants should extend to removal proceedings, at least where these results are directly from convictions. Moreover, if deportation is the penalty for a crime, as the Court said in Padilla, constitutional protections should apply to those immigrants facing deportation as consequences for crimes committed.

Deportations triggered solely by a criminal conviction is a part of the penalty for the underlying criminal behavior, demand the Court to explore the question of what other constitutional limits that can be placed on the imposition of that punishment considering the principle grounded in the 8th Amendment which a penalty should be proportionate to the crime it punishes. The appropriateness of any given punishment is assessed in large part by how fitting it is to the crime committed, and Eighth amendment governs the boundaries of permissible punishment by forbidding punishment that is cruel and unusual.
Due to lack of proportionality principle from our current law of deportation for crimes, aggravated felony category imposes deportation equally for, among other offenses, murder, petty theft and failure to appear in court. Similarly, the sanction is the same regardless of an individual’s history or connections in the community and applies equally to an undocumented individual who entered the country yesterday without permission and to a long-term lawful permanent resident who may have deep roots in the community such as dependent U.S. Citizen family members.  Thus, an immigrant convicted of theft at Vons and a rapist results are the same …deportation!

Much of the sense of injustice that results from the operation of our current criminal deportation law comes from recognition of the blatant disproportion between the sanction of automatic deportation and the circumstances under which it is imposed.

In addition to the centrality of proportion to our sense of just punishment, Eight Amendment jurisprudence is an attractive place to begin exploring amendment reach, because the jurisprudence has already been extended to prohibit certain-non-criminal sanctions where these were found to be penal in nature, even if not in name or explicit intent.

In Sum the under the Eight Amendment the court should step in, and review the proportionality of removal as a criminal sanction. This could take the form of the review of individual cases in which deportation may be disproportionate to the offense. It might also take form of consideration of categorical challenges to certain aspects of the criminal removal scheme at large, such as the “aggravated felony” provisions and their inclusion of manifestly minor offenses.

 

All rights reserved textboosetrade.com 2016

 

 

May Day Rally Comes to Edward J. Schwartz Federal Building

solidarity

May Day Protects rally brought hundreds to Downtown San Diego. While unions traditionally march on May 1 for solidarity and workers right, this march was more a rallying point for immigrants’ rights. As protestors bypassed businesses in route to Edward J. Schwartz Federal Building they were cheered on by most immigrant service workers raged against Donald Trump policies on immigration. With both left and right demonstrators and presence of organized finest, this 1st Amendment exercise was peaceful.finest

With current administration policies that aggressively threatening to withhold funds from jurisdictions that limit its local law enforcement to enforce immigration laws, faces within the historical meaning of legislative punishment, viewed in terms of the type and severity of burdens imposed. As we take notice, immigration deportations impose “extreme hardship” to the United States Citizen spouses, parents, or children of such immigrant, perhaps these grave consequences are among reasons why California Police Officers do not have authority to turn investigation of criminal activity into enforcement activity of the civil provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

justice for olango
The legal fiction that deportation following a criminal conviction is not punishment is difficult to reconcile with reality. While the case law does not tell us where the line falls that divide permissible from impermissible effects, we know the matter of degree is somewhere between imprisonment and banishment to exile and to get a point across, the protectors vows to fight back by assuming more role in civil participations and calling more strikes and boycott to reflect on immigrations’ labor and purchasing power.

350Socialist Equality Party also allude that; to stop the attacks on immigrates began with advising international solution to the crisis facing immigrants’ workers. The strategic perspective according to Socialist Equality Party it’s a fight that should begin with the rejection of all attempts to divide native-born and immigrant’s workers. As the Governments around the world seek to make impoverished migrant workers scapegoats for the destruction of jobs and living standards resulting from their own policies’ they divert attention from real source of worker’s suffering by fomenting hatred of immigrants. Accordingly, international working class unity and reorganization of world economy its a kernel to meet social needs of the working class and a foundation against mobile corporations that intensify the exploitation of the working class through globalization.

Read more at FB.COM/SEPUS

San Diego Adjunct Faculty Association represent a sector of Part-Time Professors who are qualified expects with MA or PHD graduate degrees just like tenured faculty and they are solely responsible for all aspects of their courses, moreover they teach 60%+ of all classes offered. However, they are paid half or even less than what full-time tenured faculty coupled with’ traveling from campus to campus, only paid hours in the classroom, no paid prep time, grading time or communication time with students outside of class, their efforts to coincide and imbued profound trust with those of the students its frustrated. Adjunts
Working with little to no unreliable income and financial insecurity, San Diego Adjunct Faculty Association demand that unions bargain for equitable salaries and benefits for all faculty, the disparities and impact here is profound and involves an inconsistency not to be excused. To help adjuncts get the contract they deserve you can visit the Association website @ SDAFA.ORG
Sources: San Diego Adjunct Association

 

May Day Teach-in Schedule and Outline of the Day

May Day Teach-in Schedule and Outline of the Day

On Steps of B Building facing Park Blvd.

8:30: Gather at B Building

9:00: Greeting and Music by La Rondalla Amerindia de Aztlan

9:05: Jim Miller, Professor, English and Labor Studies: May Day History and how it is relevant to current threats to labor and democracy in the Trump Era.

9:15Rosi Escamilla, Professor, English and Chicano Studies: Lucy Parson’s speech and how it speaks to the present

9:25: Justin Akers-Chacon, Professor, Chicano Studies: May Day and the History of Immigrants’ Rights Struggles

9:35: Enrique Davalos, Professor, Chicano Studies: How Communities are Resisting the Current Assault on Immigration Rights

9:45: Doc Rivera, EOPS Counselor and Personal Growth Professor:  Students as Workers and Activists (Music)

10:00: Masahiro Omae, Professor, Political Science: Economic Inequality and Its Effects on Policy and Democracy

10:10Alejandra Lucero-Canaan, Professor, English and Yaneth Escobosa, City College Alum, Honors Staff: How the Material Consequences of Economic Inequality Intersect with Race and Gender

10:20: Laila Aziz, Board Member, Pillars of the Community, Director of Operations, Metro San Diego: The Prison Industrial Complex as One of the Wages of Economic Inequality

10:30:Kelly Mayhew, Professor, English, Labor Studies Program Coordinator:  How Economic Inequality Intersects with Climate Justice

10:40:Gerald Vanderpot, City College Classified Staff: The Existential Threat to Public Education

10:50:Christy Ball, Professor, English: Students and Adjuncts as Disposable People in the Trump Era

11:00: Music by La Rondalla Amerindia de Aztlanbefore student march and speak out.

11:15 Student March around campus: Sign making at B Building for people arriving from elsewhere

2:15-1:00: Student performances, music, and Speak Out. 

1:00: Music before Rally

AFT, Student, and Community Speakers

2:00: Music by La Rondalla Amerindia de Aztlan and March to Federal Building

May Day Teach-In Study Guide: 10 Questions

 Here are some general questions to consider as you attend the teach-in:

  •  1)    What are the historical origins of May Day or International Workers Day? How does the history of May Day speak to the present?
  • 2)    Who was Lucy Parsons?  How does her speech address issues that we are still dealing with today?
  • 3)    What is the history of the contemporary immigrants’ rights movement?  Why is it important?
  • 4)    How are local communities reacting to the current crack-down on immigrant communities by the Federal Government?
  • 5)    What are some of the challenges community college students face?  What role do students have as workers and activists?
  • 6)    What is our current level of economic inequality?  What effects does it have on our politics and communities?
  • 7)    How does economic inequality intersect with race and gender issues?  How are ordinary people’s lives effected?
  • 8)    What is the role of the prison industrial complex in our communities?
  • 9)    How will current Trump administration policy affect the climate?  Or the environment? What is at stake?
  • 10)How will current Federal education policies affect our schools and colleges?  How will they affect teachers’ and students’ lives?

Sources:

Mona Alsoraimi-Espiritu
Assistant Professor, English 
High School Coordinator
San Diego City College 

 

The Stand With Students Photo Project: AFT May Day 2017: Social Media Involvement

Take a set at the Table
Our immigrant students, teachers, staff and administrators have been subjected to scapegoating and prejudice within the political arena, which creates a working and studying environment where members of our college communities may feel alienated, unwelcome, and unsafe.
In reaction we need to stand together to show the character of our community. 
The strength of our solidarity and unity as workers rests on the understanding we have for and about each others’ struggles.

May-Day-Teach-in-Schedule-and-Outline-of-the-Day

 
 “ Visit and Like Our Page at the ‘Stand With Students Project Facebook page
Post a picture with a message with why you are standing up 
in support for our immigrant students, teachers, staff and administrators!”

Read More

“A contested deportation proceeding is in essence a quest for the truth, immigration Court and should not cease to be impartial merely because in its quest for truth it perceives avenues of unexplored inquiry brought forth by Respondents who seeks to clarify record by calling attention of Immigration Court to certain areas of inquiry not yet developed. Immigration Courts in deciding to rest on the original record, without seeking further significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future its “leading back to an absurdity”. Lazarus  Archison

Sources:  Jim Mahler <aftjim@mac.com>

Mona Alsoraimi-Espiritu
Assistant Professor, English 
High School Coordinator
San Diego City College 
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